Urology is a medical and surgical specialty that includes the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of both the male and female urinary system and adrenal glands and male genitalia. The urinary tract plays an important role in filtering blood and storing and processing urine. The adrenal glands produce important hormones. A specialist in urology is called an urologist.
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Because the urinary system and adrenal glands are closely connected to the rest of the body, urologists must have specialized knowledge in internal medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology. The necessary surgical knowledge is why doctors undergo years of training to become urology specialists. After graduating from medical school, they must complete at least five years of professional training.
Difference between urology and nephrology
“These two specialties sound similar, but they are quite different and do not overlap much. “An urologist is a surgeon who treats the entire genitourinary system. Is a doctor who treats diseases of the kidneys?” Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine, just as uro-oncology is a branch of urology. A physician must be a board-certified physician before becoming a board-certified nephrologist. Nephrologists diagnose and treat conditions and problems associated with kidney disease, such as high blood pressure, fluid and electrolyte imbalance, and kidney failure. Nephrologists can also administer kidney dialysis treatments and help patients with kidney transplant-related problems.
An urologist is a medical doctor (MD) or an osteopathic (DO) doctor.This residency is typically an additional five years of clinical training after medical school. You can spend your final year as a main resident. Some even do subspecialty training. “Most urologists are general urologists who work in private offices and treat a variety of urological conditions.” You will receive additional training that specializes in your field.” To become a certified subspecialist, a physician must first be certified as a general urologist by the American Board of Urology. The American Board recognizes two recognized urological subspecialties.
Pediatric urologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of urogenital disorders in male and female children and adolescent boys.
Urology-gynecologists, after completing residency training in urology or gynecology, further specialize in women’s pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery. They care for women with pelvic floor disorders such as incontinence, prolapsed, dysuria, and overactive bladder.
Other urology focuses include:
- Male Infertility: Diagnosis and treatment of male reproductive disorders
- Urological Oncology: Diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer, and penile cancer
- Transplant Urology: Professional care for genitourinary problems after kidney transplant
- Kidney stones (stones): Diagnosis and treatment of small mineral deposits that can occur in the kidneys (kidney stones, kidney stones), ureters, and bladder (bladder stones).
- Neuron-Urology: Diagnosis and treatment of the nervous system